28. Other Loss, Net

Other losses for the period ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 comprise of the following:

Year ended December 31, 2014 Year ended December 31, 2013
Penalties (1,826) (442)
Provisions (legal, environmental, etc.) (1,460) (1,671)
Impairment (4,116)
Other (1,069) (4,197)
Total other expense (8,471) (6,310)