Glossary

1P
Proved reserves according to international standards SPE-PRMS

2D, 3D
Seismic exploration

ADR OF JSC Gazprom Neft
American depositary receipt issued on shares of JSC Gazprom Neft. 1 ADR equals five ordinary shares of JSC Gazprom Neft

APG
Associated petroleum gas

Arctic oil (ARCO)
Grade of Russian oil produced at Prirazlomnoye field

Associate
A company in which Gazprom Neft Group holds at least 20% of voting shares (for a joint-stock company) or 20% of registered capital (for a limited liability company)

Baltic States
Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania

BOE
Barrels of oil equivalent

Brent
Benchmark crude produced in the North Sea

Catalytic Cracking
Thermal catalytic refining of petroleum fractions to produce high-octane gasoline

Central Asia
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan

CFO
Chief Financial Officer

CGTP
Complex gas treatment plant

CIS
Commonwealth of Independent States: all former Republics of the USSR, except Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania

CNG
Compressed natural gas

Coking
Refining of liquid and solid fuels by heating them in the absence of air. As the fuel decomposes, it produces solid coke and volatile particles

CS
Compressor station

Domestic market
Russian market of commodities, services, etc.

EBITDA
Net profit before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization

EN certification
Certification according to European standards

ЕU
European Union

EUR
Euro

EV/EBITDA
Ratio of the company’s value versus earnings before taxes. Used to assess investment appeal (length of the payback period for investments)

FCP rate (first commercial production rate)
Target indicator of oil production volume (barrel per day) on the first stage of commercial operation of the field.

FTS of Russia
Federal Tariff Service

Gas Processing Plant
Gas and/or condensate refining plant

Gazprom Neft Group, the Group, Gazprom Neft
All companies of the Group that comprise JSC Gazprom Neft (the parent company) and its subsidiaries

Gearing
Ratio to indicate the proportion of borrowed funds.

GEO
Geological and engineering operations

Geological Exploration
Geological surveying for exploration purposes

Hydrocracking
A cracking technique used in refining of crude oil fractions with a high boiling point, fuel oils or tar oil to make gasoline, diesel fuel and jet fuel, lubricant oils etc.

Hydrotreatment
Purification of petroleum products to remove organic sulphuric, nitric, and oxygen-based compounds using molecules of hydrogen. Hydrotreatment improves the quality of petroleum products

IFRS
International Financial Reporting Standards

IRMS
Integrated risk management system

ISO 14001 Standard
International standard for environmental protection that sets requirements for environment management quality and is used to work out legally compliant environmental policies. The standard regulates environmental aspects of corporate activities that are controllable and require monitoring. This is a voluntary standard that does not supersede legislated requirements

ISO 50001 Standard
International standard established by the International Organisation for Standardisation to manage power systems that specifies requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining and improving an energy management system, whose purpose is to enable an organisation to follow a systematic approach in achieving continual improvement of energy performance, including energy efficiency, energy use and consumption.

ISO 9001 Standard
International standard for quality management systems. It establishes the requirements for the quality management system that may be used internally by organisations for the purpose of certification or concluding contracts. The standard aims to make the quality management system effective while meeting customer demands.

ISO/TS 16949 Standard
International industry standard as well as technical specifications established by the International Organisation for Standardisation. The standard defines the quality management system requirements for enterprises that design, develop, produce, install and service automotive-related products.

Replacement Ratio
Gross increment of proven reserves, divided by total production in the period

LNG
Liquefied natural gas

LTIFR
Lost time injury frequency rate

M&A
Merger and acquisition

m3
Cubic meter of natural gas, measured at the pressure of one atmosphere and temperature of 20°С

MET
Mineral extraction tax

MICEX
Moscow Interbank Currency Exchange

Middle East
Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Cyprus, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Yemen, Qatar, Kuwait, UAE, Oman, Saudi Arabia

NIS
NIS a.d. Novi Sad

Non-CIS Countries
Foreign countries with the exception of CIS and the Baltic states

Novy port
Grade of oil produced at Novoportovskoye field

OE
Oil equivalent

OHSAS 18001 STANDARD
International industry standard as well as technical specifications established by the International Organisation for Standardisation. The standard defines the quality management system requirements for enterprises that design, develop, produce, install and service automotive-related products.

P/E
The price/earnings ratio that is equal to the ratio of a company’s market capitalization versus its annual earnings. One of the main indicators used for a comparative assessment of the investment appeal of joint-stock companies.

PMB
Polymer modified bitumen

PMI
Purchasing managers index that reflects the condition of a certain industry or the economy or provides a competitive assessment

Possible Reserves
Unproven reserves, which are less likely to be extracted than probable reserves, based on the analysis of engineering and geological data. There must be at least 10% probability that actual production will be equal to or more than the estimate of proven, probable and potential reserves

Premium market segments
High-margin market segments: small wholesale, own chain of filling stations, sales of jet fuel, bitumen, oils and lubricants, bunkering

Primary Refining
Crude oil distillation using atmospheric vacuum devices. Crude oil enters the distillation columns to undergo an atmospheric pressure distillation process, which splits it into a number of fractions: light and heavy gasoline fractions, kerosene fraction, diesel fraction, and fuel oil as a residue. The quality of the obtained fractions does not meet standards for marketable petroleum products, so the fractions must undergo further(secondary) refining

PRMS International Standard
International classification and estimate of hydrocarbon reserves by the standards of the Petroleum Resources Management System (PRMS). These standards include not only the estimate of hydrocarbon reserves, but also provide the estimate of the commercial practicability of extraction and the justifiability of its availability. The period of economically viable reserve development (period of validity of the development license) is taken into account as well

Probable Reserves
Unproven reserves, which are most likely to be extracted based on the analysis of engineering and geological data. There must be at least a 50% probability that actual production will be equal to or greater than the estimate of proven and probable reserves

Proven Reserves
Quantities of liquid, gaseous and solid hydrocarbons, which, according to engineering and geological information, are most likely to be produced by industrially available methods from known deposits starting from a specific date, under the existing economic conditions, with generally accepted operating techniques, and in compliance with applicable effective national regulations

Q&A
Questions and answers

R&D
Research and development

RAS
Russian Accounting Standards

Refining Depth
A refining indicator defined as the percentage ratio of obtained petroleum products, not including bulk fuel oil, to the original quantity of crude oil. Measured in %

ROACE
Return on average capital employed

ROE
Return on equity

RUB
Roubles

SPD
Salym Petroleum Development N. V.

SS
Service station

Subsidiary
Subsidiaries and Affiliates

Urals
A Russian brand of an exported oil blend. It is a mix of Urals and Volga heavy sour crude oil with the light western Siberian crude oil Siberian Light within the pipeline system of AK Transneft.

US GAAP
Generally Accepted Accounting Principles

USD
US Dollars

VAT
Value added tax

VCS
Vacuum compressor station

VIOC
Vertically integrated oil company

Western Europe
Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, France, Switzerland

WTI
Grade of oil produced in Texas

YANOS
Yaroslavl Refinary Slavneft-YANO